Category Archives: Supernumerary Teeth

Supernumerary tooth on patient

Are supernumerary teeth hereditary?

Supernumerary teeth, also known as hyperdontia, refer to the presence of extra teeth in the mouth. This condition can cause various dental problems, including crowding, misalignment, and impaction of the surrounding teeth. The question of whether supernumerary teeth are hereditary is a common one, as many people with this condition wonder if they passed it on to their children. In this article, we will explore the potential genetic causes of supernumerary teeth and what this means for families.

The exact causes of supernumerary teeth are not yet fully understood. However, studies have shown that there is a genetic component to the condition, as it tends to run in families. This suggests that the development of extra teeth may be influenced by genetic factors, such as the presence of certain genes that regulate the growth and development of teeth.

In some cases, supernumerary teeth may be due to a genetic syndrome, such as Gardner syndrome or cleidocranial dysplasia. Gardner syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that causes the growth of extra teeth, as well as other symptoms such as colon polyps and skin tumors. Cleidocranial dysplasia is a genetic condition that affects the bones and teeth, causing an increased number of supernumerary teeth and a variety of other dental problems.

It is important to note that not all cases of supernumerary teeth are due to genetics. Other factors, such as hormonal imbalances, dental injuries, and certain medications, can also contribute to the development of extra teeth. However, for those with a family history of supernumerary teeth, it is more likely that the condition is hereditary in nature.

So what does this mean for families with a history of supernumerary teeth? If a parent has extra teeth, there is a chance that their children may also develop the condition. However, this is not a guarantee, as there are many factors that can influence the development of extra teeth. It is also possible for only some members of a family to be affected, while others are not.

For families with a history of supernumerary teeth, it is important to be aware of the potential risks and to have regular dental check-ups. Early detection and treatment of the condition can prevent or minimize the potential dental problems that may arise from extra teeth. For example, in some cases, supernumerary teeth may be removed or realigned to prevent crowding and misalignment of the surrounding teeth.

In conclusion, supernumerary teeth can be hereditary, as there is evidence to suggest that the condition runs in families. However, not all cases are due to genetics, and the exact causes are still not fully understood. For families with a history of the condition, it is important to be aware of the potential risks and to seek regular dental check-ups to ensure the best possible oral health. With the help of a qualified dentist, those with supernumerary teeth can take steps to manage the condition and prevent potential dental problems.

Lovely Jubbly

This is a lovely case. For the ones that don’t know what ‘lovely jubbly’ means – it means ‘Excellent’. Another happy patient!
Direct restoration of central incisors with composite resin material:



Composite Resin Restoration Upper IncisorsBroken Upper Incisors Occlusal View

Fractured upper Incisors

How to recognize the reputable dental website

One of the most ideal ways for any dentist to reach out and connect with patients is through having a reputable dental website. This is especially in the current days where most patients search for information about various conditions and treatment options online. However, there are many dental websites and not all them are convincing to the patients. Some of these websites lack important aspects and hence patients who come across them do not fully trust the information contained on such websites. But there are other dental websites that are very convincing and reputable to any patient who might visit them. Therefore, it is paramount to know what makes a dental website reputable in the patient’ eyes.

Good or Bad

Amongst the primary aspects that make a dental website reputable in the eyes of the patient is having detailed and well explained information. Most of the patients who are likely to visit a dental website do not have the necessary dental education and hence they need to get well detailed information. The information should be well explained and simple without using sophisticated medical terms which can confuse the patients. Where it is hard to explain using simple words, it is advisable to use well marked diagrams.

The accuracy of the information contained in a dental website is also paramount in making the particular website reputable to the patients. This is attributed to the fact that the patients are likely to cross check the accuracy from other sources. If a patient finds that the information contained in a particular dental website is not accurate, there is likely that the patient will not visit the website again and will also not hire the particular dentist. Therefore, it is better to have small quantities of accurate information rather than having thorough articles with few facts.

Another quality that makes a dental website reputable in the patients eyes is being attractive but formal. Most patients expects to find serious and accurate details in a dental website and hence they expect the details of the website to be formal. However this should not mean that the website should be dull and unattractive. Instead, the website should have attractive colors and illustrations which are meant to catch the patients’ eyes and keep them entertained. But it is not advisable to use a lot of attractive features which can readily make the patients think that the website is informal and does not have serious information. Therefore, a reputable dental website should only have the necessary features which can attract the patients without making the website look informal.

A dental website meant to create credibility amongst patients should also have testimonials and reviews from other patients. These testimonials and reviews build confidence especially if they are positive. Such reviews and testimonials are an indicator that there are other patients who have visited the particular website and they got satisfied from the information or services they got after visiting the particular website. The reputation of the website can be enhanced further if the people who leave testimonials and reviews also leave contacts where the new patients can contact them to confirm that the testimonials and reviews are actually genuine. It would also be good if the patients can also be able to leave their testimonials and reviews. Trustworthy dental reviews are available in a few networks among Internet:

My advice is always to check the dental testimonials in the thematic websites, Google Facebook and Yelp.

How to Promote your Dental Facebook Page

Social media has conclusively proven to be an all-pervasive aspect of contemporary living; it would be a daunting task indeed to identify even a small part of our world today that remains uninfluenced and untouched from the its reach. It has thoroughly permeated in to our lives and fundamentally altered the manner in which we communicate and interact: with people known and unknown. In addition to impacting the lives of individuals, social media has evolved into an expansive forum for businesses and independent professionals across sectors. Social media forums, more particularly, Facebook, have become an undeniably powerful and indispensable tool in the creation of an individual’s or business’s brand image.

Dental practices have started to relinquish traditional modes of advertising and marketing and are reaching out and generating awareness in the local community through social media forums. This could seem like an arduous task to the uninitiated; creating and maintaining a social media community reaps far too many benefits and is worth the investment. Allow me to guide you on how to market your dental Facebook page: here are some of our recommendations.

First Stop, Facebook: Dentists could reach out to their existing patients to seek their suggestions with respect to your newly set up page. One need not be shy while asking patients or friends and family to “Like” your page; a recent feature on Facebook, known as Graph Search, permits people to search pages liked by their friends, effectively magnifying their impact.

Keep Calm and Like your Dentist on Facebook

Interaction vis-a-vis Visibility: A fair number of people that “Like” your page surely enhances visibility; but it’s actual interaction with the community that builds brand affinity. It’s crucial to have a consistent presence, yet one should be careful of not posting content too frequently.

Selective Content: Content posted on the dental clinic’s page, should always be relevant to your brand as a person, a professional and your dental practice. Social media facilitates your personality to shine through and allows new, old and potential patients to have a holistic understanding of you and your dental practice and what makes it uniquely credible and trustworthy.

Clear Strategy: Identify and remain consistent with your marketing strategy; determine the kind of content (updates in the dental world or informative write ups or oral health tips) that should be posted, their respective frequency and the team member responsible who’s responsible.

Patients, tend to be vocal about their ailments over social media. Any negative feedback or opinion should be dealt with promptly and effectively instead of being ignored. You could encourage people to reach out to you for information or little guidance, if they so require: non-patients should also be welcomed. An approach such as this, lends credence to an image of reliability and genuine concern for patients.

Gaining positive Facebook reviews will bring you better credibility and more patients. Some useful advices you can find at How to Get More Facebook Reviews for Your Dental Clinic

Let’s take a look at some suggestions on how to market your dental Facebook page:

Go Offline: Ensure that your newly minted stationary has a mention of your social media dental page. Add a Facebook badge to your website leading them social media account. Other stationary such as business cards and appointment reminder cards should bear a mention of clinic’s presence on Facebook.

QR Codes: Quick Response codes are everywhere these days! They are rather easy to create and given their compact size, convenient to be placed on print advertisements or brochures you hand out to patients. QR codes can be scanned by smart phones/tablets and allow the user to directly access the respective website; in this case link to social media account.

Loyal patients can be requested to share a link of your dental page on their respective FB page; this would certainly be effective in expanding your visibility, but explore the option only if you’re comfortable with it.

Finally, try to keep in mind that any form of communication, such as emails or newsletters, are an opportunity to garner more visibility for your dental practice’s online presence and you should make the most of it, wherever appropriate and feasible.

How to Number Supernumerary Teeth

The increasing number of people looking for the dentist services has led to the development of dentist charts that are used in the numbering of human teeth. There are different systems that dentists use in numbering of the teeth with the supernumerary teeth numbering system being one of the most common ways that can be found in most dentist charts.

Supernumerary Teeth Numbering

The supernumerary system of numbering teeth allows dentists to add the number 50 to the value of the number on which the tooth is located. The numbering starts on the upper right jaw with the first teeth being the Molar tooth on this side of the upper jaw. Since it is the first tooth, the supernumerary value of this tooth becomes 51. The next tooth has the value 52 with the last of the eight teeth of the upper right jaw getting the value 58. The upper left jaw continues with numbering with the first tooth getting the value 59 and the last tooth on the extreme side of the upper left jaw, the molar getting the value 66. The lower jaw values for the supernumerary numbering run from 67 to 74 in the lower left jaw and 75 to 82 on the lower right jaw. This system remains as one of the best for dental teeth numbering in the dentist charts.

Supernumerary teeth numbering

It would be important to point out that the supernumerary teeth numbering system varies from one country to another. The system that is used in the United States varies greatly with one used in some European countries like Germany. The United States system allows for the numbering of the teeth by adding up 50 to the number of the teeth where one starts from the extreme molar tooth that is in the upper right jaw with the last teeth given the value of 16 being the Molar tooth in the extreme part of the upper left jaw. When these teeth are numbered supernumerary the values become 51 for the first tooth on the upper right jaw and 66 for the last molar teeth in the upper left jaw. This totally different from the system of numbering in most European countries where most dentists prefer to use alphabetical order values in the numbering of teeth in their charts. The need to have a uniform system of numbering teeth in the world has led to the suggestion of adopting the US supernumerary system by some dentists. Whether these suggestions will be adopted by the dentists is something that we eagerly await upon, only time will tell.


Maryland Bridge

In this article I am going to explain more details about a special type of a dental bridge – the Maryland bridge. Basically a dental bridge is a form of denture that replaces missing teeth. The surrounding teeth are used as an anchor and provide stability of the whole structure. In between we have the false teeth or so called the pontic.
The Maryland bridge is a commonly used type of a dental bridge. Most of the dentists prefer to use it as a temporary bridge while doing their implant work. What makes the Maryland bridge so popular among the implantologists? It has plenty of advantages. It needs very few adjustments and it is very easy to place. It is very conservative method of replacing missing teeth which means you don’t have to remove any healthy tooth structure. You just have to roughen the surface of the surrounding teeth, etch the surface, bond and place composite resin cement to bond it ot the teeth. A placement of a Maryland bridge takes around 4-5 min.
The Maryland bridge consists of two wings made of cast metal. The wings are like a framework and have little gaps where the cement flows in. The flowable composite cement bonds to the etched enamel surface so no burs are needed. The only thing a dentist may do before placing a Maryland bridge is to polish the enamel surface of the tooth. That can be done by blasting it with aluminium oxide powder or using dental polishers. The procedure eliminates the risk of experiencing tooth sensitivity.

Dental Maryland Bridge
The false tooth or the pontic is just between the two wings. It can be made of acrilyc or porcelain. The upside of the ceramic Maryland bridges is that they are more esthetic. However if the gums start to recede (which oftenly happens after a tooth extraction) you may end up with a gap between the gum and the pontic. Ceramic material cannot be added to the pontic. When you have an acrylic Maryland bridge more acrylic may be added to the false tooth in order to close the gap. This is especially important while working in the esthetic zone – upper incisors, canines and premolars.
The Mariland bridge can be used as a definitive treatment as it is much cheaper that an implant. Replacing lateral incisors with a Maryland bridge works just perfectly. However it cannot be used in the molar region for a long time. The occlusal forces will make the bridge debond from the surrounding teeth. Most of the dentists use this resin retained bridge as a temporary before placing the abutment and the crown over their implants. The patients do not leave the dental office with a gap and nobody can see that they have missing teeth. The Maryland bridge is easy to remove in order to evaluate the healing of the gum below and to uncover the placed implants. After the debonding of the Maryland bridge it can be bonded again following the same procedure: roughening the enamel surface, etching, bonding and placing the composite cement along with the bridge. Curing with the light cure lamp depends on the type of the composite cement used (usually 10-20 seconds).

Maryland Bridge

Periodontal Abscess

The periodontal abscess is a dental condition which has an infectious etiology. A periodontal abscess can occur at various locations in the mouth like vestibular, alveolar, lingual or palatal. Individuals undergoing periodontal treatment or did not undergo any treatment for the periodontal problems are most prone to the periodontal abscess. In the periodontal abscess, there is actually an accumulation of pus in the periodontal tissue. The gums of the patient appear to be swollen and lightened in color than the coral pink which is the actual color of the gums. Due to the infection in the periodontium the gums start moving away from the teeth. There is a destruction of tissues and bone around the teeth which makes the patient’s dental health deteriorate if timely treatment is not done.

Periodontal Abscess

Like every dental disease, periodontal abscess also has a set of causes which should be known in order to prevent the occurrence of the disease or to find out the disease etiology. Usually the bacteria causing these conditions are present in the mouth but they do not cause dental diseases. When certain conditions appear these bacteria affect the periodontium. When an affected tooth is not treated by the dentist, then it can develop further and cause periodontal abscess. So it is always said that if you have any dental problem do not hesitate or procrastinate to consult your dentist as this can save you from attracting various dental complications. Thus, patient education should be emphasized by the dentists so that they understand the importance of getting treated. Poor oral hygiene is one of the major causes which lead to the occurrence of the periodontal abscess.

When you feel pain irritation in the gums or uncomfortable while eating or drinking then make sure that you consult a dentist. For the periodontal abscess it is very important to evacuate the pus and medicate the patient with wide spectrum antibiotics and pain killers. Antibiotics work really well in curing periodontal abscess. These medications help in preventing the abscess from expanding in the mouth and the surrounding tissues and thus curing the abscess in a short period of time.

Periodontal Abscess in mouth

The periodontal abscess is often associated with periodontal disease. Dark field microscopy was used to determine the actual cause of the periodontal abscess and now it is known that Gram negative anaerobic rods are the dominant microbes causing the periodontal abscesses. The researches show that spirochetes are present in the amount of 30-60%. Coccoid cells are present in the periodontal abscess but in lower amounts than the spirochetes. Gram stained smear can also be used to point the specimen and create an antibiogram for the future antibiotic treatment of the periodontal abscess.

Gingivitis Treatment

Gingivitis TreatmentGingivitis is a periodontal disease which is quite common in the recent times. This dental disease does cause a lot of pain but it is characterized by inflammation of gingiva present in the mouth which is more commonly called as “gums”.

It is commonly observed that patients are just bothered about getting treated by the doctor as soon as possible and get well soon. So in order to get rid of the gingivitis, the dentist has to follow a protocol so that the further occurrence of the gingivitis disease does not happen again in future. When a patient comes for treatment, a doctor looks for the history of the patient and current status of the patient so that the correct disease can be diagnosed and treated.

Inflamed Gingiva


Gingivitis treatment protocol

Gingivitis has a particular treatment protocol which keeps changing with advancement in the technology of dentistry. After diagnosing the patient disease, care must be taken that the patient is not given any medicine without checking the case history of the patient. This will make sure that the treatment given by the dentist is worth useful to the patient in the near future.  The main aim of the treatment of gingivitis is the detection and safe removal of the plaque without harming the gingival and other oral tissues. In these kind of diseases, oral hygiene plays a very important role in the treatment of gingivitis. So the dentist as well as the patient should take oral hygiene as a plus point in the treatment. The treatment first considers the controlling of microbial organism in the mouth responsible for causing gingivitis. Considering this, there are many methods used for prevention that can also be used for treatment of gingivitis. Some of the methods include root planning, scaling, mouthwashes which contain hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine, flossing. Using the correct interdental brushes at recommended frequent levels will help you to get rid of the microbial organisms which have caused gingivitis. In the 21st century, mouthwashes are on a rise and anyone can easily access a mouthwash after eating or drinking something. This will help to keep a clean mouth and fight odor. In the recent times, new treatment ways have come up. So Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs have now been introduced in the field of dentistry to treat diseases like gingivitis. But due to their side effects in the major parts of our body, dentists recommend to use mouthwashes as they much safer than the NSAID’s on the body and are effective too. Diclofenac Epolamine is a diclofenac salt which has shown a remarkable benefit to the patient’s condition. This salt when used with a mouthwash is more effective than when used individually. Brush your teeth properly so that you don’t unnecessarily harm your gums. Clean your tongue regularly.GingivitisInflamation of the gums


As we all know prevention is better than cure, so follow the basic tips given by your dentist and practice them regularly to keep yourself and your mouth healthy forever. Oral health is a precious gift and if you understand its importance on time.